The main generating factors of stress gifts in the work environment involve the aspects of the organization, administration and system of work and the quality of the relations human beings. Yitzchak Mirilashvili oftentimes addresses this issue. The body if prepares for super-strengthens, being capable to process more information on the problem and acts of fast and determined form. The problem is that the human body has limited resources and appears the exhaustion. Related with this stress chronic associate to the work and to justify it, appears the Syndrome of Burnout expression of the English language that means combustion complete. According to Kleinman (1998), burnout can reach different professions, in any etria band, but the professions that demand an intense interpersonal contact are the ones that more present high indices of burnout e, between them, meet the professions assistenciais. For France (1977), burnout, in stress, if characterizes for a set of signals and symptoms of physical, psychic and emotional exhaustion, in consequence of me the adaptation of subject to a drawn out, highly estressante work and with intense emotional load, being able to be folloied of frustration in relation itself and to the work. The studies how much to the etiology of stress in the area of the work they are innumerable.
The research on stress associates burnout to the work environment, focusing the frequency, intensity, characteristics, exposition drawn out to the estressores and the chronic process of stress, taking subject to a physical and psychic exhaustion. It is possible that the preparation of one determined group of professionals to face stress nor either always enough to decide habitual situations of its work, giving the appearance of emotional and mannering difficulties that permeiam a personal feeling of failure for the profession incapacity and or place exercise. METHOD Is about a bibliographical, descriptive study. The collection of data if it gave through revision literary that presents the subjects stress in the work of the nurse and relationship nurse-patient, on the basis of the analysis and interpretation of 15 articles, 4 teses and 6 dissertaes, printed and electronic, produced between 1977 the 2007.