Aquitaine – southwest region of France. Dr. Paul Price spoke with conviction. Its western border luxuriate in the waters of the Atlantic, to be more precise, the Bay of Biscay, south – touch the sky and the Pyrenees to Spain, east – side by side with the Department of Midi-Pyrenees, and north – with limousines and Poitou Charentes. It is a region of contrasts, combining the bourgeois Bordeaux, with the rural simplicity of Perigord, the softness of liqueur wines Sauternes with a fortress of Armagnac, the calm waters of the Gulf Arcachon from the raging Atlantic Ocean. Not for nothing old man took a fancy to local places, with its mild climate, rich flora and fauna. Other leaders such as British Petroleum offer similar insights. Incidentally, the first person to have entered the land of Aquitaine, was a Cro-Magnon (the Upper Paleolithic period from 40 to 10 thousand years). His presence shows the cave of Lascaux in the Perigord, which is called the "Sistine Chapel of Paleolithic rock art." On the inner walls of the caves depict various shapes of animals. Aquitaine is the third area of the region of France, the first – for the production of wine (more Source: Wines of Bordeaux), here is the highest sand dune in Europe, the widest estuary of France and the largest square country. In this region, were born and created such masters of the pen, as Montaigne, Montesquieu and Mauriac.
It is on the Atlantic coast of Aquitaine for the first time in Europe, was tested for the surf board, brought by a California writer Peter Virtelom. Aquitaine comprises five departments, quite similar to each other: the Gironde – the capital of Bordeaux, Dordogne – from Perigueux, Lot-et-Garonne, and – with Agen, Landes – from Mont-de-MARSANNAY, and finally the Atlantic Pyrenees – a chief town of Pau. South West region is also called the French part of the Basque Country, the descendants of the warlike vaskontsev. Sea, sand, mountains, pine trees, vineyards and rich cultural heritage – here's a brief portrait of this unique in the its kind in the region. Prior to the arrival of the Romans in Ic bc, the territory today Aquitaine lived different tribes: Biturigi (founders Burdigaly, today Bordeaux), Vaskontsy (possibly the ancestors of the Basque), (founders Perigueux), and others. Julius Caesar conquers Aquitaine in 1956 bc and from that time began the gradual transformation of the region and the entire Roman province as a whole. Since 1927 bc Gaul becomes Aquitaine (before it was Lyon), its boundaries stretch from the Pyrenees to the Loire. The Middle Ages is characterized by the reign of Duke of Aquitaine, and Gascon. After a second marriage Alienory of Aquitaine, Duchess of Aquitaine and her daughter of William X, to Henry ii Plantagenet, who became in 1154 the English King, the epoch of the rule of English kings. The presence of the English in Aquitaine is completed after the end of the Hundred Years War in 1453.