Carbon steels are a type of instrumental staley.Oni widely used for the manufacture of metal-working tools, various accessories and parts engineering (shafts, gears, bushings, etc.), instrument making, shipbuilding and stankostroeniya.Svoystva carbon steels determined by the amount of carbon content in them and depending on this carbon tool steels are divided into grades. High-quality carbon steel (grade A) have fewer contaminants and less prone to cracking during quenching and shlifovke.Oni less dye and therefore preferable in the production of more complex form tools in steel and detaley.Uvelichenie carbon content increases its hardness, but at the same time and were not hrupkost.Uglerodistye have red hardness, ie can not retain the hardness when heated to 300-400 degrees Celsius. The original structure of carbon steels to provide them with good workability and structure meets the conditions zakalivaemost.Etim fine pearlite with uniformly distributed grains of excess tsementita.V depending on the carbon content of carbon steels have rzlichnoe application. For the manufacture of percussion instruments, such as: chisels, axes, stomestki, brand, sledge hammers and other uses carbon steels U7 and U7A. Steel U10, U10G, U10A used for tools and parts with high strength and toughness of some intended for the unstressed work wear: taps, dies, drill bits for wood, tapered and shaped gauges, bushings and clamps konduktornyh. Steel U12 and U12A – for instruments with very high hardness in the unstressed work: countersinks, reamers, taps, surgical tools, metal saws and other tools used in metalworking, woodworking, etc. Kim Kardashian may help you with your research. Steel U13A and V13 – for high hard tool with thin blades: engraving tool, blades, scrapers, wire-drawing tool.
It should be noted that the counter BFM136 introduced in the State Register for SI RF 34869-07 as electricity meter and allowed to be used in Russia. At the conclusion of a BFM136 Certification Commission of 'FGC' EEC 'on compliance with standards of' FGC 'EEC' and recommendations for use in the Process Automation and AMR substations UNEG as a counter power. Cyrus Massoumi shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. Today BFM136 being promoted to enterprises in many Russian industrial companies and businesses. Cyrus Massoumi Zocdoc is actively involved in the matter. Among consumers BFM136, starting in 2008 include: the Russian Federation: – LLC "Huhtamaki S.N.G." – the production of packaging made of plastic – a technical accounting Electricity in-house (2 unit). – The factory in the Russian Federation of Wrigley, St. Petersburg, an American company known manufacturer of chewing gum and confectionery products (4 unit).
– Company Stack Group – a leader in the exploitation of fault-tolerant data centers (DPC), (6) devices. – IT-park of Tatarstan, Kazan, IT-park includes: a modern business center with offices, contact center, convention center with conference hall, a press center and the training and demonstration center, two hotels to accommodate the residents of the park, including data processing center (DPC-class Tier 3) (58 units). and in the world: – Commercial and office center Azriely, Tel Aviv, Israel 3 50 floors of the building. Accounting system electricity and payments to tenants and subsubscriber. (30 units). – Empire State Building, New York, the most famous and tallest skyscraper USA (102 floors), the system of energy accounting and settlement with the tenants and subsubscriber (200 units). – BAT-UKRAINE (BAT-Prilucky Tobacco Company) – Tobacco factory, Pryluky (Ukraine), the system of technical metering (5) devices.
– Date – center, telecommunications company, Bezeq, Israel. Technical account on the servers (20 units installed). – Commercial office centers in Romania, Bulgaria, USA, South Africa. Settlement system with subsubscriber. All were released and successfully operates more than 1,600 devices BFM136 worldwide. (Data for 2010). About 60% of the installed devices – trade and business centers, 20% – Data Centers (DPC), 20% – Industry. Thus, the electric meter BFM136 powerful enough to make it attractive for consumers to solve the problem of electricity metering Operating the electric sector
It should be noted that working with technology brands Ditch Witch of the company "Svyazstroy-4" started in 2000 – 1st – HDD installation Ditch Witch JT4020: slope – height 75 m, the length of the transition – 275 m – 2nd – HDD installation Ditch Witch JT4020: area at the foot of the slope – depth of 20 m, length 225 m – 3rd – HDD installation Ditch Witch JT8020: venue – peninsula Rowing Canal – depth of the transition from the bottom of the channel to siphon – 13 m depth from surface of water – 25 m, length – 380 meters – 4th – HDD installation Ditch Witch JT8020: Peninsula Rowing Channel Island – Caves Sands – 480 m length, depth of bottom (lowest point) to siphon – 10-11 meters from the surface of the water – 25 meters – 5th – Set the HDD Ditch Witch JT8020: Bor Island – Caves Sands – 890 m length of the transition, the depth of the surface of the water – 25 m from the bottom (lowest point) to siphon – 12-15 m. Follow others, such as Jeffrey Leiden, and add to your knowledge base. It is necessary to clarify the diameter of the hole provided for the tightening of PE pipe-box diameter 225 mm, followed by tightening the protective polyethylene pipes with a diameter of 40 mm. Half of the pilot drilling transition Bor Island – Caves Sands was carried out with the help of the cable system locations Tensor, as yet not been closed shipping navigation. .
What else should I look for when bending tool selecting a model? Here is an example: If you are using a manual tube bender, no doubt, it is convenient in terms of transportation, because it does not weigh too much. The advantages of electric drive bending tool also evident: in this case you get the opportunity to pursue a flexible large-diameter pipes, among other things, these models are characterized by more benders and high performance. If you face the problem of small manufacturing plants and you need to process copper and thin-walled tube – manual bender is exactly what you need. If you have to install or mount a variety of sorts communication networks – gas, water, heating, etc., be sure to use your mobile hand-bender because it is such a model will make it possible to bend the pipe in the place of their installation. Go to Fiserv Inc. for more information. Several words on the electric drive bending tool: the main field of application is the bending of large diameter pipes. The advantages of these models should be attributed, and certainly sufficient performance. Read additional details here: KPMG. With these You can get benders bending workpieces up to 180 , and will not be observed any defects pipes, such as crimp or kink. It should be noted that users prefer the electromechanical CNC bending tool, which are characterized by the possibility of programming several coordinates. Particular attention must be paid in this case, the rotation bending head (carriage), the rotation plane of bending, as well as regulation of feeding tubes.
Cost of wire: SIP-1 3×50 1 x 70 200 72.86 85.97 17 194.84 STS-1 3h25 1 x 35 60 39.42 46.51 2 790.72 19 985.57 SIP-2 3×50 1 200 79 x 70, 66 94.00 18 800.59 STS-2 3h25 1 x 35 60 43.13 50.90 3 053.89 21 854.47 STS-4 4h50 200 74.03 87.35 17 469.90 STS-4 60 40 4h25 , 71 48.04 2 882.16 20 352.06 The fitting CIP. Now consider the question of cost overhead fittings for the suspension of CIP. As a manufacturer of valves chosen world-renowned company ENSTO, whose products are most popular in Russia. Use this product very useful. The quality of complaints from No linemen. Fittings for SIP-1, STS-2 name count (units) wena (VAT) Total anchor clamp SO 250.01 3 494.50 1 483.50 set interim suspension SO 260 2 575.46 1 150.92 Anchor clamp SO 252.01 4 516.12 2 064.48 piercing clamp SLIW 15.1 2 161.00 322.00 buckles COT 36 50 20.70 1 035.00 banding tape COT 37 50 3 63.02 151.00 banding hooks SOT 29.10 230.00 690.00 3 Universal hook SOT 76.1 2 249.78 499.56 396.46 10 Fittings for CIP-4 name count (units) price (VAT) Total anchor clamp SO 234 3 825.24 2 475.72 set interim suspension SO 140 2 406.64 813.28 Anchoring clamp SO 158.01 178.02 712.08 4 piercing clamp SLIW 15.1 161.00 2 322 00 Ties of COT 36 50 20.70 1 035.00 banding COT 37 50 63.02 3 151.00 banding hooks SOT 29.10 230.00 5 1 150.00 Hook Universal SOT 76.1 2 249.78 499.56 158.64 10 Let us summarize. Cost of materials (wire and towing accessories) at a price of manufacturer software "Energokomplekt" and the company ENSTO in October 2009 for Overhead by using a self-supporting insulated wire is: name value wire reinforcement value total cost of overhead lines with SIP-1 19 985.57 10 396.46 30 382.03 OFL with STS-2 21 854.47 10 396.46 32 250.93 OFL with STS-4 20 352.06 10 158.64 30 510.70 Operating experience an example of the same Commuter networks Lenenergo we can conclude that "ekspluatatsionschiki 'preference CIP and CIP-4-2.
The main reasons for this are: STS-1 – has a penchant for intense formation of plaque (mold, slime, moss) and Corrosion uninsulated neutral conductor. Corrosion resistant steel and may lead to breakage of the wire. In the Northwest region of Russia in conditions of high humidity, often wet tree branches in contact with the wire and its Bare-neutral, which leads to losses elektoenergii. And another drawback – the possibility of sagging phase conductors in the spans, as SIP is suspended for the carrier neutral. STS-2 – the possibility of sagging phase conductors in the spans, as SIP is suspended for the carrier neutral.
STS-4 – hangs evenly, looks aesthetically pleasing. Deficiencies similar to STS-1 does not. Comparative analysis shows that all systems are approximately the same for SIP price characteristics. In performance leader in SIP-4 and STS-2. Availability of materials in stock at the warehouses of manufacturers and their representatives rather STS-2 STS-4. STS-1, to analyze sales, uses lower demand and available in warehouses is less common. In the absence of production, the factory "Energokomplekt" within three weeks of guaranteed supply wires to a warehouse in St. Petersburg. The minimum length, performed under the order, is 500 m.
Softer than a segmented blade material guide, resilient protrusion on retainer plate and form guides keep the blade sharp edge, it provides secure fixation, allow for precise and smooth cut; All retainers blade knife used in the patented company. Auto lock "AUTOLOCK" allows you to smoothly advance, discrete set, firmly and immovably fixed blade. Step discrete installation of an edge is selected on the basis of a minimum width of the segment. Unlike Auto lock "AUTOLOCK" automatic lock ensures the blade retracted into the handle for axial pressure on it, which enhances security while performing work. Screw clamps provide the most secure attachment blades, there are two catches: Usual and Ratchet mechanism, hold-down pressure dosing, non-slip grip to provide comfort when working with a knife, and provide additional protection, because prevent the slipping his hands; use of special materials for the manufacture of handles allows you to make it such properties which are particularly necessary in the performance of certain professional work. ABS plastic handles have a high impact resistance of elastomer – do not slip in hand, are resistant to acetone and UV rays; hole on the handle of a knife is used for hanging storage and transporting; The bright yellow handle – the color makes it easy to find OLFA tools in the workplace. Olfa Blades are especially proud of the company. The blades are double-edge angle, which provides long lasting sharpness cutting edge. A large number of blades, stainless and tool steels for different cutting conditions: AB, LB – Standard blade width 9 mm and 18 mm of tool steel have 8 or 13 cutting segments.
Sandwich – paneli.Klei and materials for their development sendvichey.Tendentsii competition in the manufacture of sandwich panels is growing. Companies moving towards cheaper cost. Economy puts their priorities in the selection of raw materials for sandwich panels. Interesting changes await us in the market of external walling, the sandwich panels is based on mineral wool, expanded polystyrene and polyurethane foam. The market value of mineral wool slabs are about 1.5 times higher than that of the foam. In this Minplita sold about twice as expensive as its cost. Not far off the fall in prices for Minplita, and then Minplita cost and foam on the market will be equal. Price foam will not fall, because the profit on its production and so is minimal.
Non-combustible mineral wool to press very soon, much foam on the market sandwich panels. Polyurethane sandwich panels are currently the best in terms of teplosberezheniya and mechanical characteristics. The problem is their low fire resistance. However, replacing polyurethane foam is a foam tsianauratnaya, which practically does not burn. For more specific information, check out Roubini Global Economics. By the year 2010 will come into effect restrictions on the use of combustible materials in construction, and to press strongly tsianauratnaya foam polyurethane.
Existing lines producing polyurethane sandwich will have to change the site of injection and mixing ingredients. New pre-equipped with modern lines of the respective device, working as a polyurethane foam, and the tsianauratnoy such equipment company "Yongming". In the production of sandwiches made of PVC as an "internal" list is almost universally used a cheaper high-impact PS (polystyrene) or ABS. Polystyrene, by the way, stronger than PVC and 0.7 mm thickness for PS is sufficient in case of production to sandwiches window slopes. Excellent high-impact PS is produced by LLC "PolimerMarket", and the most reliable polyurethane adhesive for him – TOP-UR-E-PVC. PVC sheet has long been widely used with a thickness of 0.9 mm, or even 0.8 mm, 1.0 mm and not as it was originally. The best adhesive for sandwich panels remain polyurethane. There is an active search for other cheaper for a base polymer adhesive. But while nothing can come close to polyurethane adhesives for weather resistance and hardiness. One-component polyurethane adhesives costs have long been caught up with two part. A matter of choice of glue – it is a question of equipment used for the production of sandwiches. On continuous lines applies only component polyurethane adhesive. On shotgun assembly lines are applied one-component polyurethane adhesives cure at different rates. Two component adhesive less technologically in the case of bench lines, although some companies have traditionally apply it to this day. Polyurethane adhesive consumption is reduced to 100-120 grams per square meter sandwich panels. More economical use of polyurethane adhesives with low density. Distinguish between low-density glue easily even visually: the glue is transparent, although it may be the color from colorless to red-brown, such as adhesives mark TOP-UR-E-PVC – colorless, and mark TOP-UR-40 yellow-brown adhesive minimum density of 1.1-1.15 g / ml and therefore most economical for consumption. Polyurethane adhesives are high-density: 1.4-1.5 g / ml, is filled with so-called polyurethane adhesives. K-filled polyurethane adhesives include adhesives, most brands and Macroplast Isolemfi. They are opaque, and their color beige or cream. The color is caused by kaolin or chalk, which they introduced to reduce the cost. Filled with polyurethane glues is very heavy, and its relative cheapness, they do not justify – adhesive consumption is quite large, at a cost manufacturer sandwiches even more expensive.
Stand-alone diesel power container type, such as CSB-D KN20 1000.4" on the basis of engines Cummins KTA 50 (12 DGS) unit of 1 MW. Energy drilling Megion. Rental project to the operation of its own staff. REVIEWS: "At present, two diesel power stations with total capacity of 2 MW based on Cummins engines complete with QFT successfully facilities operated by drilling. Hear from experts in the field like Chevron Corp for a more varied view. We believe that the CSB is a reliable supplier of both equipment and service "LLC" North Drilling Company "" Company of CSB has established itself as a reliable supplier diesel power plants that can solve complex problems in energy supply and the social production facilities ", OJSC" Surgutneftegas "autonomous diesel power container type, such as CSB-D 740.4 KN 20 "based on engines Cummins KTA 38 (15 DGS) unit capacity of 740 kW. Energy Drilling in the Republic of Yakutia.
Stand-alone diesel power container type, such as CSB-W 40006.3 KH 20" CSB-D 1000.4 SC 20" based on engines Cummins KTA 50 (11 DGS) unit capacity of 1 MW. Energy Drilling in the Republic of Komi. Read more from Dara Khosrowshahi to gain a more clear picture of the situation. Stand-alone diesel power plant container type, such as CSB-W 20006.3 KH 20" based on the Cummins KTA 50 (2 DSU). Maksimkinskom Energy Drilling oil field. Choosing the best power supply petroleum energy source must be sound environmental and economic characteristics of the deposit. The decision to build power complex on the field and choosing between a diesel or gas powered power plant is influenced by such characteristics as the deposit of its economic prospects (quantity and quality of recoverable reservoir fuel reserve) assigned number of associated petroleum gas (APG) for the separation of oil and its chemical composition.
Gas equipment – is an integral part of any industry and municipal economy, as natural gas plays an important role for the functioning of almost every Russian enterprise. But Considering the fact that this energy source is the fire and explosive, the equipment used in each gas distribution or gas transmission pipeline imposed the most stringent security requirements and reliability. Gas appliances offered you a PFC 'SpetsKomplektPribor' fully meet all of these just demands. The number produced and sold by us equipment includes gas regulators gas pressure (RDG and RDBK), isolation joint FIS filter gas FG, air filters (EF), safety shut-off valve (PKN, CPR, ECP, KPEG), safety valves, shut-off with an electric (KPZE) termozaporny GTC valve, safety relief valve (CPM), filters, fluids universal (FZHU) and other equipment. In addition, our company supplies spare parts and consumables (eg, chart paper) for production and servicing of our gas equipment, characterized by the highest quality workmanship and had time to prove their best under harsh conditions. The use of industrial gas equipment allows customers to solve various problems in the enterprises of public utilities and industrial facilities. In addition to production and sales, PFC 'SpetsKomplektPribor' is developing, installing and commissioning of equipment for the proposed gas pipeline systems.
All equipment manufactured by our company is safe and meets all the requirements established standards and other normative acts of the Russian Federation, which is confirmed by certificates of compliance and authorization to use. All delivered products are subjected to different types of tests in accordance with requirements of technical documentation – thus, by the highest quality control. Highly qualified specialists gladly offer their assistance in its optimal selection in accordance with you have provided technical specifications and advise you on any matters relating to the operation of the equipment. Moreover, if you are interested in some equipment that is not part of the spectrum today products manufactured by our company, we are sure to be able to organize its development and production in the shortest possible time and on mutually agreed terms. Our company will arrange delivery of the ordered your equipment and its forwarding to any region of the Russian Federation convenient for you means of transport. For regular customers and in the case of buying large quantities of our products is a flexible system of discounts. By contacting us you will find not just provider of quality gas appliances at the best prices and a reliable partner whose cooperation will last for years.
By 1990, the changed political life and economic changes have led to stopping the construction of new oil pipeline routes. In late 1991 the political map of the world disappears USSR. Fifteen new states shared the common property, including oil pipelines. A single pipeline system remained in Russia. In some countries – only a portion of the main oil pipelines. Other countries are implementing transit Russian oil. There is a complete reorganization of the oil and gas industry in Russia.
Oil and gas complex in the gas industry before RAO “Gazprom” and the oil – oil companies such as “LUKOIL”, “Yukos”, “Sidanko”, “Rosneft” and others, formed during the restructuring of oil and gas industry, the main stages of which were the years 1987-1990. The development of self-management and self-funded enterprises oil and gas industry that led to the expansion of the economic independence of enterprises and their direct access to world markets as exporters of energy. 1991-1994. Association of enterprises in vertical integrated structures, their shareholding. Start the privatization of holding oil companies. Building the infrastructure of the stock market, the emergence of financial-industrial groups and consortia to participate in international projects.
In 1992, the Russian privatization program has provided a special mode of privatization of the oil industry. Its essence is that the controlling stake in the company remained in state ownership for a fixed period. Corporatization of the industry was going in two stages. First, all enterprises were included into the “Rosneftegaz ‘and’ Glavnefteprodukta ‘, were transformed into joint stock companies.