The official date of birth of Novgorod the Great, considered to be the year 859 – exactly this time that his first mention in the 'Chronicle'. According to her, or Holmgard Novgorod, as it was called the ancient Scandinavians, stands at the origins of the Volkhov for twelve centuries. The very location at the intersection of waterways "from the Vikings to the Greeks" – to the south of Byzantium, and from the Baltic Sea to the Volga – the Arab East, has defined its challenging and very interesting fate. Becoming a powerful republican center, the part of the State of Moscow, the major trade and crafts center, a military fortress, this amazing city burned in a terrible fire, mourned the dead by royal swords residents, crumbled under the bombs aircraft Wehrmacht, but each time it rises again from the ruins and was read by a ringing bell priilmenya neighborhood fight. Under most conditions CEO Angel Martinez would agree. The original inhabitants of places at the source of the Volkhov consider the Finno-Ugric, have left us some names of rivers and lakes of Novgorod (in one version hydronym Ilmen comes from Finno-Ugric 'llmeri' – sky, air, the air force"). In VI century moved here a few tribes 'Krivichy', but already in the VIII century, the Slavic population in the East European Plain, to the shores of Lake Ilmen came tribe 'word'. As a result of their interaction with others, lived on the numerous rivers priilmenya tribes, to the middle of the IX century, a powerful 'Union Ilmen Slavs', which is now many historians see the origin of Education of Russian statehood. . According to Robert Jain, who has experience with these questions.
On the other hand, National Guarda formadade citizens voters participated of the life national politics, in contrast dossoldados of 1 line, excluded of this participao.’ ‘ 14.342 homense, in 30 of August, was scrumbled still more falling for 10 a thousand men. Asdemisses and licenses of military are facilitated, while it ceases, by tempoindeterminado, the military conscription. In report of its Ministry, datadode May of 1832, Feij makes a rocking of the military situation in Rio De Janeiro: ' ' Atropa of first line of the capital disappeared: the land garrisons, asrondas policemen, the aid to justice are given by guardasnacionais.' ' 6 In these words is evident the concern of then the regenteAntnio Feij in taking off the forces exercises of and to transfer it these to the GuardNacional. What it obtains in a space of very short time, a time that osjovens that before they were obliged to serve in 1 line, that is, the Exercitobrasileiro, now with the advent of National Guarda the young that was for waits was exempt of the military service exercises in it, with this measure numerode welded exercises for it diminishes significantly. As in the Brazilian Army they were accepted people of famliaspobres, even though black linings, and these could ascend of position, exactly queno had many chances, the end of this institution would be a form to deconter advances of these in the social environment, a form to keep the elites in it podersem disturbances on the part of the military. Although Guarda did not have mesmorespaldo of Exercito, in the case of a external war. However this guarda that it goes to stifle some revolts of the Regencial period, being its international primeiraexperincia in the war of Paraguay. Nacionale guard the Nobility of the land After the independence of Brazil politically, the guardanacional one starts to be used for the elites as eleitoreira force, being cargosda keeps distributed to the great agricultural proprietors who tempopassaram with it to have an enormous one to be able in the controlled regions for them. the importance of the matter here.
With the objective to argue the representations of the women in the Old Republic, we choose as source for our study, the periodicals that had circulated in the end of century XIX beginning of the XX. These periodic ones in them seem to be a privileged universe of allied research since to the positivista vocation. By the same author: Dara Khosrowshahi . in this direction we intend to answer the two problematic ones of this article. For I will divide in such a way it at two moments, in the first one I will look for to elucidate as the periodicals had portraied the education soon and the inclusion of the politics and the work in the feminine universe. The education. In diverse formats, invariably spread inside of periodicals of century XIX for the XX, one very observes the pejorativas questions of the figure of the women.
So familiar questions in the daily one of century XIX that to the eyes they pass unobserved in the periodicals that circulate at the moment. All form of expression, however, discloses, to its amaneira, a more or less obscure reality to the immediate understanding. Thus in the Gazetinha periodical, an article meets speaking on the direction of hygiene of the State, it commanded where it that they played except some barrels of wine in the beach, for if to find counterfeited, for in such a way the colunista dries arguing: … The woman in all its history demonstrated a skill rare in the art to be deceptive, however if these inventions will have been perfected, if all sciences will have been applied, necessarily for the natural law of the evolution, the woman today will be deceptive with more skill of what she will be deceptive in the old or average age. Although for the same I begin either the man most practical to discover the falseness of the love has however necessity to use more effort of what employed old, because both the terms of the ratio had not been multiplied by one exactly number and this because the woman developed science to be deceptive because its nature to the step is essential that the man studies the ways to fight and taken by the necessity.
According to Isl, the head of State is not mere decorative figure. It leads the people in the conjuncts, especially to the fridays and parties, continuously are engaged in the process of taking of decision and it welfare of its people. For more specific information, check out Angus King. In accordance with the Muslen are a medical fact that, during its menstrual periods and the pregnancy, the women suffer some physiological and psychological alterations. The Muslen believe that such changes can occur during an emergency situation, affecting its decision, without considering the extreme tension that is produced. 3. Consideraes Final Has very material on the Isl, a rich culture and little it understood for the occidental people. Each religion, society or group in particular have its positive and negative problems, its differences and its points. The islamismo has innumerable peculiarities, and the study field on its women and as they are treated has a only religious side, since everything what it is commented and/or if presents has beddings presented for the Alcoran.
On the woman it has little material printed matter, then the Internet was the biggest field of research, and exactly thus, one in such a way repetitive one, but with some surprises, material presented for sites of matrix Muslim, and extremely enlightening. If it does not produce a consistent work with little research, few sources and lack of will; soon it was presented here very of the Islamic vision, therefore almost all the similar works, articles, news articles and had been removed of, repeat, sites with the purpose to spread the religion, the vision and the rules of the Isl.
(1996, p.58) However the education in this period was of certain form accomodated in the mentioned positivistas agreements already. HAIDAR (1972.p.247), according to detaches that education was come back toward the development of the retrograde brain of the woman, then the woman ideas that permeavam the society were of if approaching to the mentality of the man. Michelle Perrot (1988), mentioning the French society to it ' ' To the man, the wood and the metals. To the woman, the family and the fabrics ' ' (p.178). These conceptions completed the plan of studies ' ' lessons of Civilizao' ' in the French society, analyzing these inserted models for the positivismo in the education an agreement is gotten of that it forms properly structuralized the schools in Brazil and in Rio Grande Do Sul. POLITICS and Intent WORK for the period of the Old Republic the relation of the woman in the politics and the Work, that in turn was not seen for the men well, certifies it document more important of this time according to Mayan Peter To sound (1980, p.127). It becomes related ' ' Dilogos' ' , enclosed by vol.
the Ramalhete or Flores chosen in the garden of the imagination, authorship of Ana Eurdice Eufrasina de Barandas. Writings in 1837, this text accurately defends the participation of the women in the debate then politician. It says in the introduction: ' ' They had begun the men to cry out high and powerfully against the poor women (that they more did not make than to follow its example), that they there with its were very badly done putting itself politics, and I do not know mais' ' (BARANDAS, 1845, p.51, Apud TO SOUND p.127). The text of Ana de Barandas surprises for the intensity and the contemporaneidade, ' ' Dilogos' ' they are stopped enters the Mariana young woman, its cousin Alfredo and its father Humberto.
Although elements of Portuguese origin to participate of the movements revolucionrios' ' : An embryo of national feeling can be found only in frequent and many violent times conflicts between Brazilians and Portuguese, occurrences in all Brazil, particularly from 1821 and during all the first reign and regencial period. Gladys Ribeiro, in the cited work, defends that these conflicts had constituted one of the axles central offices of formation of the national identity in the Empire, to if producing, in this daily process of fights and shared experiences, the opposition between ' ' to be brasileiro' ' ' ' to be portugus' ' . This process well is elucidated, for the variants and condicionantes of the Brazilian procedure of independence, where it has very came being overwhelmd for the colonial pact, that mines the reinforcement of some nationalistic feeling, however, the rupture of this pact, as well as the conflicts against the Portuguese kept a unit of feelings, the aversion to the Portuguese beyond an unfolding of the colonial pact, would be also the element integrator and fomentador of a beginning of nationalism. The historical criterion of nationality implied, therefore the importance decisive of the institutions and the culture of the ruling classes or the elites of raised education, assuming identified them, or at least not very obviously incompatible, with the common people. Hear from experts in the field like QTS Realty Trust for a more varied view. But the ideological argument for the nationalism was well different and much more radical, democratic and revolutionary. He supported himself in the fact of that, what she was that history or the culture could say, the Irishans were Irish and not English, the Czechs were Czechs and not German (…). no people would have to be explored or to be directed by another one. Amongst some applied situations that if become singular when Brazil and, more still when applied the provinces, perhaps the one that more if adeqei to this principle, is the implantation of the historical criterion of nationality.
Frustration. However, both will be in the souvenir. Chevron Corp oftentimes addresses this issue. Walking of the human being will be initiated at the moment of the conception. It is at this moment where two bodies, man and woman, woman and man, full of desires, plans, conquests or not, as it happens in the case of a rape, where the desire of one is the desperation of the other. Treating itself at first moment of a couple you desired, we are fruit of the desire, then, we are desired beings and you desired e, in as moment does not pass for the desire of the conception, but yes, and only yes, for the act to mock the victim.
In this in case that when happens to the conception the desire is refused, but, the conceived being will not leave of being a being desired. Two ways. Two realities for that they will go to enter in a party that already started, or in the trip of the train of the life. Then, as to glimpse the future? ' ' The way constitutes one of the arqutipos most archaic of psique human being. The human being keeps the memory of all way pursued for the billions of years of the process of evolution in the way of each human being always works millions and millions of last years of way that in it if they bring up to date and if homo draws out each human being is one viator, is a caminhante ' '. Inside of a time that does not have time, that is, that time where if it starts to be of foot and to give the first steps, and this is in special in the memory of the parents and, many of them, whenever to speak of the subject, will say that the time passed and had not observed. They do not turn walking of the life and, only the swaying steps of the son or son.
In the decade of 1930 with all the movements feminists concerning the woman in the society, were evident that it was clearly that the woman breaching with all the fallacies of the society concerning its transforming figure needed to insert themselves in the world of the work, and not only they, but the society wanted this, but, why they would have to work playing tasks ' ' domestica' '. The domestic work exerted by the woman was a public office so necessary and important how much to the masculine activity to provide foods, a time that did not exist so clear social distinctions as in the current days and that it was produced for the collective. It did not have a clear social hierarquizao, as it existed in century XIX and that, in a similar way, it is present currently, until the exchange started to determine what it is the productive work. At this moment, the woman becomes inferior the man? in the perspective of the same? for not producing excesses for the exchange with the domestic work. With the increase of the wealth, the women pass if to submit, to become dependents, lose its economic and social prestige, passing the man to occupy the place most important in the family and to control the property.
The women pass to be seen as fragile, needing protection. Protection this that is obtained through the marriage. Although they continued to work in many areas, had become kept out of society, therefore, the education for the confinement to the private life and the economic dependence for the women is evident, in contrast of the education that is directed the men, who consisted of the study of the philosophy, the poetry and the rhetoric, in the knowledge of the letters and the training for the service military man, come back to the public activities.
In the removed text of the book ' ' It was of the Capital' ' , of the historian Eric Hobsbawm. The heading of the chapter 13, ' ' The world burgus' ' , it could not be more opportune and revealing. The bourgeois society is shown as a world to the part, where the success of its members was shown for the clothes and houses always decorated with care. Where it was not only enough to belong to the bourgeoisie, it had that to mainly demonstrate this condition through clothes: ' ' a typical bourgeois! ' ' , he always used the certain clothes. Another form of demonstration of status was the bourgeois house, where he was impersonatied the ideal of happy and prosperous life. As a counterpoint to the other world of it are (that nor always the patriarch exerted the due one to be able), but inside of house in relation to the family exerted it uncosteded.
In some other clippings of the other world, made for the bourgeoisie, also were obeyed the same standard of performed with care decoration. Beauty means before everything, a merit for the bourgeois and what it differentiated, them as classroom falsifies. Others revelations say respect to the morality, mainly sexual used for the bourgeois, but not followed in the practical one. That ambiguous morality would be this? An extracted morality of ' ' He was vitoriana' ' , (phase of I fight of the Queen Victory, after the death of Albert prince). That it is characterized for an extremely rigid code of behavior. With the supervaluation of the chastity for young women, canine allegiance to the husband, perceives that this moral behavior value only for women. Being the men if to hold of hypocritical form as defenders of the moral, but that at the occult moments it left to exist.
The other great representative was the Priest Antonio Vieira who, known for its Sermes, shows the first Brazilian education well, still colony. A jesutica education. Then the Baroque one is the picture of the contrast in the context description of the reform and against-reform. In Brazil it was the contrast between the profane one, with the satires of Gregorio de Matos, and the sacred one with the sermes of Antonio Vieira. as in the Baroque o impact was what it counted and to not content it, the sermes of Vieira was more rhetorical, impactantes and with aesthetic value of what moralizantes. was Vieira who chats fixed it Brazilian.
Gregorio also valued aesthetic and the impact, far from being moralizante, with its poetries. Portuguese America in this period was reflected of what it occurred in the Europe, this dualism, this rebulio between sacred and the profane one, the against-reform and the reform, the antropocentrismo and the teocentrismo, meat and spirit. The Arcadismo shows the last phase of literature in the lusitana colony. The Arcadismo is marked by the great landmark in the settling of Brazil, the mining. The mining is the new commerce and Mines take the place of rescuer as commercial polar region and Rio De Janeiro if it becomes, later the new capital. Mines the economic center of the colony becomes of the Portuguese on account of the search for the gold. Bandeirantes, slaves, alforriados, free gentlemen, workers, all go the Mines for the race of the gold. Migration that contributes very for the internalization of Brazil. The Arcadismo caught the time of more changes in Brazil in the colonial Age, that was up to 1836, when left of being colony and if it became empire. Beyond the mining, internalization and definition of the Brazilian territory, the arcadismo also caught a time of revolts of nativistas matrix and feeling, libertarian revolts, rebellions, caught the time of Tiradentes and the mining inconfidncia? Claude Manuel of the Coast, representative of the arcadismo in Brazil, was one of the inconfidentes? , time of requcios of affirmation of the identity of the people.