Bergamo – a small, charming and historic town, which is located in the province of Lombardy, Italy. We can say that in Italy two Bergamo little old town, which is located on a mountain and a large, almost modern city, which is located at the bottom. For tourists the most interesting is the upper town of Bergamo. Bergamo was founded by the Celts, and the word itself has a value of Bergamo – a fortress on the hill. In 49 BC Bergamo was included in the Roman Empire on the orders of Caesar. Filed under: Omar Zakhilwal.
Romans Bergamo obliged by becoming a real city. Romans was surrounded by city walls, built a forum and temples, houses and public buildings, and most importantly a comfortable and laid straight road. One hundred years later, after Bergamo was part of the Roman Empire, through the hordes of Huns Bergamo were led by their leader Attila. And after the fall of the Roman Empire became the capital of the Kingdom of Bergamo ready. Subsequently, the Goths relocated his capital to Ravenna, but still managed to spend the capital of Bergamo King is ready – Theodoric.
Ready to change the Lombards. Lombard replaced Franks. In the year 800 in the Bergamo train stopped Charlemagne, who heading to Rome to become emperor. In 1098 it became a free city of Bergamo, a commune. In 1165 a small Bergamo takes Lombard League and participates in the Battle of Legnano, in which the combined Italian cities defeated Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. In 1332 the city seized the rulers of Milan Visconti. And after Visconti Bergamo was part of the Venetian Republic and shared with her her fate. It was at this period, the heyday of Bergamo and the city was largely given a shape that we see today. In 1796, the city just for a short time became a republic of Bergama. After Napoleon's defeat was a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In the second half of the 19th century entered the Bergamo of the Kingdom of Italy.