It can be realised of diverse ways, that can be combined to each other and give rise to more complex metaphors: Simple metaphor or image: It responds to the formula to is b: ” Your teeth are perlas” Metaphor of prepositional complement of the name: It responds to the formula to of b: ” Teeth of perla” Aposicional metaphor: It responds to the formula to, b: ” Your teeth, Rep them of your boca” Pure metaphor: It consists of the complete omission of a, and it is only b. It responds to the formula b: ” The Rep them of your boca” Negative metaphor: It responds to the formula not to, b: ” Nonteeth, are perlas” Impresionist metaphor: It responds to the formula to, b1, b2, b3 : ” Your sun teeth, ivory, whiteness, sparkles ” The Allegory is a continuous series of metaphors that has a narrative or cognitive function. The visionary Image is a metaphor in which the terms to and b does not own common anything but the emotional meaning that among them finds the poet. The Symbol is a metaphor codified by a cultural tradition. Also it can be an original symbol, created by the own poet, but then it is necessary to allude to them like ” symbols personales”.
19. Metonimia This figure is tropo that is based on the closeness between the real term (r) and the image (i): when being together, the image gives its name to the real term. Thus, as in the obverse (r) of a currency a face usually is engraving, we called face (i), although this one is only one part of the obverse. We call, for example, leather to the ball, violin to the violinista of an orchestra, wins to the liquor that contains (Carreter, 1995, 11). 20.