Introduction the increase and densification of the population in Bogota, Capital District, the development of dangerous technologies and carelessness in this issue of vital importance to the threat of earthquakes, can affect a large number of people, their property and the infrastructure of the city, causing huge losses that would certainly affect also the economic and social development of the city reason of this workIt would subsequently take many years to recover. As a result of this situation, in order to promote the mitigation of risk through an appropriate policy of urban development, the author undertook to conduct this investigation in the light of the theories, experiences, studies and techniques available to provide the logical elements of prevention, applying socio-economic planning. The process of investigation in this case is purely scientific criteria and has the support of studies existing, avoiding speculation and Moreover, as basic tools, using empirical knowledge and experiences of agencies that historically have handled this issue, as well as the latest knowledge based on new technologies. It has been necessary to resort to connoisseurs of matter to collect and systematize data in a manner such that the result of the research is real, serious, deep and serve as a contribution to the socioeconomic development of Bogota, D.C. The technical handling of the seismic issue and its implications in planning, still does not have a consistent development against the knowledge of advances that it deserves. The city administration has hired in the past studies and designs of constructive norms that must be retaken and updated. Likewise, zoning by the city risk should systematically consider this variable before the knowledge of differential conditions of the threat in the space of the city (comprehensive Plan of prevention and disaster relief). It is convenient to Remember that the social costs of the earthquakes, in addition to the costs for material losses in a city that has not developed preventive measures, carry political and social consequences that affect the population and exacerbate their problems.