The History of the Brazilian Education, is not a difficult History of being understood and being internalizada. It evolves in marcantes ruptures; in Brazil colony (1500? 1822), occurred the foundation of the first schools for the Jesuit priests, destined the natives and colonists; with the time the indians had been excluded from the schools and the education came back almost exclusive toward the elites. Of 1822 the 1889, in the imperial period, elementary education was responsibility of the provinces, in this period also Peter II was created College D. and the creation of the first Superior educational establishments; he had multiplication of the religious particular colleges and exclusively masculine, he did not have an established resume. In this period the professors were malformados, badly-remunerated, improvised to the flavor of the necessities, education continued come back to the interests of the ruling classes, and that it drags consequences until the current days, in 1961, is created it First Law of Lines of direction and Bases? Law n 4,024 of 20/12/61, that backwards the unification of the System of Education and the elimination of the administrative dualism inherited by the empire. According to Meneses (1998, p.96) ' ' In this period, it is initiated, for the first time, a relative decentralization of the system, as a whole, granting considerable edge of autonomia.' ' Soon it would be a small opening of victory for the Brazilian education, breaching with the exclusivismo of the elites of the time and also bringing, separation between agencies with normative functions and agencies with executive powers. According to Meneses (1998, p.96) ' ' In regards to education structure the first LDB did not bring innovative solutions, conserving the great lines of the organization anterior.' ' However it had an intense quarrel, the country lived a time of democracy politics and economic growth, had an impasse, if education would have to only fit the Union or also the Private establishments, of a side the Church Catholic, responsible for Secondary Ensino, of the other the defenders of the democratization of Ensino, that is, of a public school and quality for all.