the Social Assistant, exactly carrying through activities partilhadas with other professionals, makes use of particular angles of comment in the interpretation of the same social processes and also distinct ability for the guiding of the actions, distinguish that it from the doctor, the sociologist, the psychologist, pedagogo, etc.’ ‘ (Iamamoto, 2001, p.41). Inside of this vision, the importance urges to be, while professional in approaching to these spheres of being able, making with that these if approach and are each time consonantes with the interests of the population. In this first chapter will be boarded, under the optics of some authors, the question of ‘ ‘ participation of the population by means of organizations representativas’ ‘ , constant in article 204 of the Federal Constitution. We will search to complement this boarding, also referenciando intrinsic questions to the subject as: the legitimacy; the representation; the representation crisis; the deliberative power; the normative ability and the advisory capacity. Walnut (2004), contextualiza the participation in the modern world by means of four great groups. The first one of them, would be the assistencialista participation, whose nature is solidary. It occurs in expressive way in the poor and kept out of society social segments, as form to soften the human misfortune and to neutralize conflicts.
This modality of participation, if mainly evidenced in the previous phases the affirmation of the rights the citizenship, and still today in the collectives where the degree of maturity and conscience politics are precarious. The Second form calls corporative participation. The objectives biggest of this type of participation, are the benefits the determined group or category, that is it is an essentially exculpatory participation, therefore it only gains who to belong to the group. In this context the syndical movements are proven.